Impacted Wisdom Teeth

Infections due to Impacted Wisdom Teeth

Features:

  • pain on lower jaw, usually around last molar teeth
  • pain can be acute and mouth opening may be limited
  • possible swelling
  • lymph nodes in the neck may swell
  • touching the region around the molar can be painful

Causes:

  • impaction of wisdom tooth causing food to be trapped
  • infection of overlying gum
  • triangular gaps between teeth
  • decay of wisdom tooth and adjacent tooth

Management:

  • cleansing of the gum area with gargle or mouthwash
  • antibiotic may be required for serious infection
  • extraction or trimming of the opposing tooth to reduce biting on the swollen gum
  • surgical removal of the upper wisdom tooth